All of this makes answering the question posed here difficult, and open to misinterpretation.
I’ve owned Rottweilers for many, many, years (both male and female, old and young), have taken care of and rehomed abandoned Pitbulls & Rotties, and owned a spirited, loving Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
One of my sons owns a stunning male Pitbull who is the darling of the local Pet Resort, and another son has an adorable Staffy pup. These are my ‘grand-puppies’ and I love them to bits!
This may not make me an ‘expert’, but I do have a fair amount of experience with so-called ‘dangerous dog breeds’.
And what I know is that ALL dog breeds (including the Rottweiler) have the potential to be dangerous, and the key factors in determining whether a dog is going to be aggressive, emotionally unstable, fearful, overly-territorial or sometimes even downright dangerous include –
- Irresponsible breeding practices
- Lack of Socialization
- Lack of Training (or incorrect training methods)
- …. any combination of the above!
When one or more of these factors come into play, a dog of ANY BREED may become a potential danger to his family, other people (and other dogs/animals).
Dangerous Rottweilers…. The Fiction
First of all, lets get rid of that stereotypical Rottweiler… he is not the snarling, slobbering, vicious brute that is often seen on TV, or in the media.
(Of course, if you’re a thief sneaking into my house in the middle of the night, that scary image may be fairly close to the reality that will greet you as you set foot on my carpet…. Rottweilers are after all, a guardian breed!)
However, I digress. To find out what the true Rottweiler temperament, behavior and character should be, you need to look no further than the Rottweiler Breed Standard set by any of the major dog registeries in the US, UK or in this breeds’ country of origin – Germany.
Two phrases here spring to mind….
‘Good natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children. Very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work…. self-assured, steady and fearless…’.
ADRK Breed Standard, Germany
‘calm, confident and courageous… with a self-assured aloofness’
AKC Breed Standard, United States
‘Not nervous, aggressive or vicious’
UK Kennel Club
So, are Rottweilers dangerous dogs? Not by design! Clearly, it isn’t an inherent or intended character trait.
Rottweilers were originally used as herding dogs, companions and guardians of livestock and possessions. They were never ‘fighting dogs’ with a killer instinct.
The indiscriminately aggressive ‘attack dog’ you are imagining? Just that, a figment of your imagination and most definitely fiction!
Are Rottweilers Dangerous? The Facts
Now does all the above mean that Rottweilers are never dangerous? Could anyone add a Rottie to their family and never worry about anyone (or anything) getting hurt?
Of course not! But in reality that is true of any breed of dog, and many other animals that we keep as domestic ‘pets’.
Choosing a Rottweiler that is the result of a sensible, well-thought out breeding program is the first step towards making sure that your Rottie is going to be a ‘safe’ dog.
Training your Rottweiler puppy properly, giving him lots of positive socialization experiences, and of course lots of love, will all ensure that your little guy grows up to fit the true Rottweiler temperament outlined in the section above.
But is that enough to enable us to say that the question ‘are Rottweilers dangerous?’ has been completely taken care of? No, not at all.
Although Rottweilers aren’t inherently dangerous dogs in terms of their attitude, there is still the potential danger posed by any big, strong animal.
Given that a fully grown male Rottie may weigh 125lbs plus, when you put him into any situation involving a small child, elderly or frail adult, or small, fast-moving animal, the potential for DANGER comes over loud and clear.
Rottweilers are loving, goofy and playful…. and totally unaware of their size! My dogs will happily sit ‘in’ my lap (they don’t fit), and if they’re focused on chasing their ball and something (or someone) small is in the way, they may run them right over, albeit unintentionally.
Rottweilers also have a tendency to ‘lean’ against people (a throw-back to their days as cattle drovers), and the weight of an adult dog (or even an adolescent pup) could quite easily knock over a child or light/frail adult.
When asking ‘are Rottweilers dangerous?’, it’s also important to remember that these are working dogs and a guardian breed. They will instinctively protect their home and family if they feel they are threatened. They are also territorial and often don’t welcome strangers onto their propery unannounced.
The good news is that they are very discerning in their approach to guarding, and seem to be aware that their mere physical presence (accompanied by a low growl if necessary), are enough to stop most folks in their tracks. True out-and-out aggression is extremely rare in well-bred and properly raised dogs.
For the above reasons, not every home is suited to (or safe for) a Rottweiler. Also, due to their strength and intelligence, they’re generally not recommended for first time dog owners.
Many times, Rotties raised from pups around small dogs, cats, chickens etc. do just fine, but introducing a full-grown Rottweiler into a home with a resident chihuahua (for example) should be approached with caution at first!
So again, ‘Are Rottweilers dangerous?’….. not in the way many people imagine, or simply because they are of a specific breed. But in certain circumstances or situations there is the potential for danger.
The Truth About Rottweiler Temperament, Dog Bites & Statistics
So there’s lots of information out there. The bad news is that much of it is way out of date, biased, inaccurate, misinterpreted, or based on politically weighted arguments/studies or media-type hysteria.
As I said earlier, I’m not an expert here, but I did a lot of research on the question of ‘are Rottweilers dangerous?’ and here are just a few of the interesting things I found out….
- The most recent official survey on dog bite statistics was conducted more than a decade ago
- Statistics on fatal attacks are more accurate/more current than those on dog bites in general
- Dog Bite fatalities are extremely unusual. In the US there is only one fatal attack per 151,000 victims
- Over 50% of bites occur on the dog owner’s property
- Male dogs who haven’t been neutered seem to be the most common ‘biters’
- According to figures produced by the Insurance Information Institute, dog bites cost insurance companies $356.2 million in 2007
- Children less than one year old were the age-group with the highest number of fatalities
- The second highest group were 2 year olds. In both instances between 87% and 95% of the time the children were left unattended with the dog who killed them
- German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Presa Canarios, Pit Bulls, Chows, Huskys, Doberman Pinschers, Akitas and Alaskan Malamutes are among the breeds considered to be most likely to be involved in fatal attacks
- Since 1975 over 30 different breeds have been involved in fatal attacks. These include Pomeranians, Dachshunds, Yorkshire Terriers and Labrador Retrievers. Mixed-breeds or dogs of indeterminate parentage aren’t included!
- When looking at dog bites in general, mixed breed dogs are way ahead of Pit Bulls in the equation
So, where are we now? Are Rottweilers dangerous dogs or not?
Again there’s no ‘clear cut’ answer, but there seems to be a lot of different ways to interpret the information available, and many studies contradict each other.
It’s important to separate the ‘dog bite fatality’ figures and statistics, from those relating to ‘dog bites in general’. These are two entirely different categories.
If you use some common sense, it’s fairly obvious that a bite from a Rottweiler is going to do a lot more damage than a bite from a Dachshund. If you make that several bites (or more than one dog), the Rottweiler attack is clearly more likely to result in a fatality.
So, whether it’s a Rottweiler (or a GSD, Pitbull, Chow…..), being higher up the ‘fatality statistics list’ doesn’t mean that they bite more often (and in fact this doesn’t seem to be the case), but that they do more damage.
Obtaining information for statistics relies on the reporting of dog bites, or attendance of a victim at a hospital or medical facility for treatment, and I’d guess that there’s a huge volume of un-reported bites, or those that don’t need urgent medical attention.
These are probably the result of bites by smaller dog breeds (as they do less damage) so perhaps there’s a whole ‘hidden group’, which would mean that the KNOWN statistics aren’t a true representation of the situation.
The Bottom Line…..
So, what can we take away from here?
To me it has to be that ‘Rottweilers have the potential to be dangerous in certain situations’. Not a very snappy answer, but accurate.
Both genetic and environmental factors have to be taken into account, including the dogs’ parentage, care, training, socialization, home environment, supervision and a whole lot more…. so you can’t judge the entire breed based on the actions of one (or even several) individual dogs.
This is true for ALL breeds, in every area of behavior. MY answer to the question ‘Are Rottweilers Dangerous’ is this….
‘In my opinion, and based on decades of personal experience, I firmly believe that Rottweilers are NOT inherently dangerous dogs.
Each dog is an individual and should be judged on his/her own merits.
With the right breeding and upbringing Rottweilers make wonderful companions and pets, and are loving, loyal, intelligent, intuitive – and goofy dogs!
I would trust my Rotties with my life, and the lives of the people closest to my heart – my children and grandchildren.’